Maccoa duck (Oxyura maccoa)
- Dutch name:
- Maccoa eend
- English name:
- Maccoa duck
- German name:
- Afrikanische Ruderente
- French name:
- Érismature maccoa
- Scientific name:
- Oxyura maccoa
Black head and upper neck. Lower neck and most underparts chestnut, becoming paler chestnut on flanks and silvery grey brown on centre of belly, vent and under tail converts. Mantle chestnut; lower back and rump brown with grey mottling; upper tail converts chestnut. Tail narrow and pointed, blackish. Upperwings grey-brown with slight lighter brown freckling; under wings grey white. Bill bright blue, with whitish nail, Legs and feet are grey.
Dark brown crown and nape down to eye. With dark brown stripe from base of bill across cheeks separated from a crown and by whitish stripe. Lower cheeks throat and neck buffish. Underparts grey-brown with darker mottling and faint paler barring, especially on flanks; centre of belly whitish through to undertail converts. Upperparts dark grey-brown with whitish-bluff vermiculation and speckling. Pointed tail blackish. Upperwings grey-brown with slight lighter brown freckling; under wings grey white. Bill Dark grey, with whitish nail and tip. Legs and feet are grey
More uniform on body, lacking markings above, and more grey then brown below.
- The male (drake) of the Maccoa duck measures approximately centimeters. The female measures approximately centimeters.
- Body Weight (grams):
- The male will weight about 725-950 gram. The female will weight about 455-680 gram.
The weight is notoriously variable and can only be used as indication!
The female searches for the nesting site and is involved in nest building alone. Single pairs or loose groups are comon with several females nesting in the territory of one male. Nest is built in thick emergent vegetation (particularly cattails) over water, sometimes using old coot (Fulica spp.) and grebe nests; infrequently in dry scrub on land. Basin formed from leaves of cattails, sometimes with a partial covering dome of reed stems, and lined with down.
- The female Maccoa duck usually lays from 4-8 pale greenish eggs and incubates them for 25-27 days.
- Bird banding:
- Recommended leg band size for the Maccoa duck is 9 mm.The leg band can only be applied on a young small stiff-tailed duck at around 12 days old.
- It doesn't matter what leg that you band, but it is good to have a consistent system. Suggested: Left leg = Female, Right leg = Male
- Preferred food:
Floating full food for all sea ducks, green ducks, eider ducks and geese, especially in the moulting and breeding phase ideally suited. Packed with wholesome raw materials, natural vitamins and trace elements, this performance food with a protein content of 30% forms the basis for lifelong vitality.
Floatable special complete food for sea birds with the highest nutritional requirements. Each chunk contains the complete nutrient spectrum. The high protein content of 35% ensures a healthy and species-appropriate diet. Spiral algae give a more magnificent coloration of plumage and sea salt promotes the salt gland.
This species is listed as Near Threatened owing to its moderately small population size and ongoing declines resulting from a variety of threats. Further quantitative estimates of the rate of decline may qualify the species for Vulnerable.