Cape Teal

Kaapse taling

Cape Teal (Anas capensis)

De Cape Teal (Anas capensis) is een dabbling duck uit de familie van de water birds that includes ducks, geese, and swans (Anatidae).

Naamgeving

Nederlandse naam:
Kaapse taling
Engelse naam:
Cape Teal
Duitse naam:
Kapente
Franse naam:
Canard du Cap ou Sarcelle du Cap
Wetenschappelijke naam:
Anas capensis

Taxonomische indeling

Orde:
Anseriformes
Familie:
Anatidae
Onderfamilie:
Anatinae
Geslacht:
Anas

Beschrijving

Uiterlijke kenmerken:

Male:
Head and Neck pale buff white finely flecked brown, very slightly darker area around and behind eye. Slight shaggy crest and nape mane. Lower part of cheeks, throat and foreneck a little paler. Breast and flanks; belly and vent lightly marked, if at all, but under tail-converts more obviously spotted. Mantle and upper back Dark Brown, feathers with rufous-buff edgings; scapulars grey-brown edged pink buff, tertails black and grey; lower back, rump and upper tail-coverts dark brown to blackish, barred buff. Tail dark grey, edged buff. Outermost seconderies white, inner ones iridescent green and black, forming speculum, broadly boarded white in front and behind, while primaries dark grey -brown and forewing slightly paler; underwing grey, with white axillaries and white-edged grey converts. Bill rosy -pink, becoming lilac or even blue at the tip; nail whitish; side is of nostrils and round base black. Legs and feet dull yellow-brown.

Female:
Lacks crest and nape mane, and with fewer but boarder markings on breast, having more spotted, less barred appearance. Tertails browner, less black. 

Juvenile:
Less barring and spotting on upperparts, while underparts, appear much paler and only slightly spotted. Tertails shorter, and wing initially with little green iridescence. 

Gedrag:

Usually found as pairs or family groups, but sometimes form flocks for the moult. Pair bonds strong and may be permanent. Cape teals nest as solitary pairs.

Maten en Gewicht

Lengte man:
De man (woerd) van de Cape Teal heeft een lichaamslengte van ongeveer 44-48 centimeters. De vrouw (pop) heeft een lichaamslengte van ongeveer 44-48 centimeters.
Gewicht man:
Het mannetje weegt ongeveer 350-505 gram. Het vrouwtje weegt ongeveer 315-450 gram.
Het gewicht is notoir variabel en kan alleen als indicatie worden gebruikt!
Notitie:

Dabbling Ducks are generally hardy, easy to maintain and easy to breed. Shelter may be required by some of the smaller species in winter. They should be provided with cover (including marginal pond cover) and loafing areas as well as water. A pen which is 50% water is suggested. The water may be shallow (i.e. no more than two feet deep is required), and muddy areas for dabbling in are also appreciated. These ducks are generally good in mixed collections, although the smaller and quieter species may be bullied. Territorial disputes between ducks of the same species may be avoided by keeping only one pair of each species in an enclosure, unless the area is very large. For a single pair of ducks a pen are of 50 to 100 square metres, depending on the size of duck, should be provided.

A diet based on wheat and pellets is suggested, with maintenance pellets changed to breeders pellets for the breeding season. Bread and greenfood are also appreciated. Grit should always be available, with soluble grit (e.g. oystershell grit) as a calcium source when breeding.

Most species are ground nesters and both close ground cover and ground level nest boxes should be provided. Hand-rearing is generally preferred, as these ducks are generally poor parents in captive conditions, particularly in enclosures shared with other waterfowl. These ducks are prone to hybridization, particularly with closely related species, which should be kept apart from one another.

Cape teal are generally considered winter-hardy, but may require a dry, drought-proof shelter in cold climates, perhaps even slight heating in prolonged frost. They are suitable for mixed collections with other small ducks, although they can be aggressive and territorial in breeding season. Feed as other ducks (grain, pellets, green food, bread).

Cape teal are not difficult to breed and may produce two or three clutches of eggs in one year. The laying season is variable in Europe, may be from February to June. They may use natural cover, ground level nestbox or a raised nestbox, within 5-6 metres of water. Artificial incubation and hand rearing is straightforward, with sufficient heat.

Hybridisation occurs occasionally with some Anas spp., and also has been reported with Brazilian teal (Amazonetta brasiliensis) and Tufted duck (Aythya fuligula).

 

Breeding:
Het vrouwtje Cape Teal legt doorgaans zo'n 6-11 pale to deep cream eieren het broeden duurt 26-30 dagen.

Kunstmatig broeden:

De ideale relatieve luchtvochtigheid voor het uitbroeden van de meeste watervogeleieren is 55% voor grondbroeders en 40% bij holenbroeders. De temperatuur is meestal 37,4° C. Stel ventilatie in zoals aanbevolen door de fabrikant van de broedmachine. Eieren moeten minimaal 4 keer per dag automatisch of met de hand worden gedraaid. Naarmate de vrucht zich ontwikkelt, verliest het ei water en wordt de luchtzak groter. Bij normale ontwikkeling van een ei met een incubatietijd van 26-30 dagen neemt de luchtzak ongeveer een derde van het ei in beslag, dit bij drie dagen voor uitkomst. Reinheid is van vitaal belang en idealiter moet de luchtvochtigheid worden verhoogd tot 65% nadat de eerste tekenen van uitkomst zichtbaar worden.


Ringdagen:
Aanbevolen passende ringmaat voor de Cape Teal is 9 mm.
De gesloten pootring kan alleen aangebracht worden bij een jonge dabbling duck van ongeveer 10-11 dagen oud.

It doesn't matter what leg that you band, but it's good to have a consistent system.
Suggested: Left leg = Female, Right leg = Male
Onderhoudsvoeder:
Lundi Regular
Lundi Regular
Lundi Regular
Lundi Regular
Lundi Regular

Lundi Regular with a protein content of 20%, valuable Spirulina and high-quality by-products is optimally balanced in its composition maintenance food for water ornamental fowl of all kinds. Especially green teal and Whistling ducks that are not dependent on a very high protein content, are well supplied.

Lundi Regular contains all the minerals and vitamins in full form that are important for the animals. Therefore also suitable as breeding food.

Lundi Premium
Lundi Premium
Lundi Premium
Lundi Premium
Lundi Premium

Floating full food for all sea ducks, green ducks, eider ducks and geese, especially in the moulting and breeding phase ideally suited. Packed with wholesome raw materials, natural vitamins and trace elements, this performance food with a protein content of 30% forms the basis for lifelong vitality.

Foto's van de Cape Teal